Support Tip: Backup To Disk Gateway types

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For Backup To Disk (B2D) devices in Data Protector (DP), there are 3 possible gateway types (except for NDMP 3-way where source-side gateways are not available): source-side, server-side and target-side. Gateways are just DP clients with a media agent installed. The media agent has the client API libraries for the supported B2D targets on board.

A target-side gateway is used for high-bandwidth transfers. This gateway will send all data over to the target device without any deduplication. The deduplication task is happening on the target-side only, so completely on the device itself. Obviously the high-bandwidth transfer requires enough bandwidth to the device (network or FC). If the link to the device is rather slow then a source/server-side gateway may be a better option.

The source-side and server-side gateways are used for low-bandwidth transfers. In this case the deduplication occurs on the gateway itself and only the data chunks which are not available on the target store will be sent over to the device. Obviously, the deduplication task on the gateway will require a certain amount of system resources (memory, CPU). When resources are low on the gateway, a target-side gateway may be a better option.

Another way of classifying the gateways is by the way they are defined in DP: explicitely or implicitely. The source-side gateway is implicitely defined and is not bound to a specific DP client. This means it will be started automatically on the application host or in other words, the disk agent or BAR host. Obviously, a prerequisite is that this aplication host (which is not known at the time the device is created) has a media agent installed. So when using a source-side gateway in a backup definition, it is good practice to double check all DA hosts in the backup also have a media agent installed. When that is not the case, the backup will fail. In the device properties in the GUI, the source-side gateway can be seen as a check box to enable or disbale for the device, but there is no Gateway System defined.

The 2 other gateway types, server-side and target-side are explicitely defined. They are bound to a specific DP client and so it is known where the media agent will be running during the session. It will only be possible to define them when a media agent is already installed on the client system. When Server-side deduplication is set to "No", it is a target-side gateway.

The following table summarizes everything.

    High Bandwidth    

Low Bandwidth

(CPU/memory on gateway)

   Explicitely defined    TARGET-SIDE SERVER-SIDE
Implicitely defined SOURCE-SIDE

More info on setting up devices can be found here: Devices

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